Cory Rylan

My name is , Google Developer Expert, Speaker, Software Developer. Building Design Systems and Web Components.

Follow @coryrylan

Introduction to Angular Pipes

Cory Rylan

- 3 minutes


This article has been updated to the latest version Angular 17 and tested with Angular 16. The content is likely still applicable for all Angular 2 + versions.

In the latest Angular there are many new concepts and some of the same concepts from Angular 1.x. In Angular 1 we had filter which helped format or transform how data was displayed in our templates. In Angular 2.x and later we have a very similar feature but renamed to Pipes. This rename was to better align of what the feature does. Coming from the Unix background we | pipe together commands. So in Angular we use the same | pipe character to format our data.

First lets look at a simple pipe built into Angular the date pipe. The date pipe simply formats our date in our templates.

<p>{{date | date:'shortDate'}}</p>

<p>{{date | date:'longDate'}}</p>

The date Wed Jan 20 2016 22:01:58 GMT-0600 (Central Standard Time) would be formated to 1/20/2016 and January 20, 2016.

Custom Pipes

Now lets build our own custom pipe. In our use case we get dynamic content from an API. We would like the content to be shortened if it is past a certain length and add an ellipsis at the end. So our example would take a 100 character string down to 50 characters with an ellipsis at the end. Lets look at what our template using our pipe would look like.

<p>{{longText | ellipsis:50 }}</p>

In our template the pipe takes in a parameter of how long we would like the text to be. Next we can look into our ellipsis pipe.

import { Pipe } from '@angular/core';

name: 'ellipsis'
export class EllipsisPipe {
transform(val, args) {
if (args === undefined) {
return val;

if (val.length > args) {
return val.substring(0, args) + '...';
} else {
return val;

First we import the Pipe decorator from Angular core. This decorator allows us to add metadata to describe our Class and how it should behave. For our pipe we only have a name property in our decorator. This simply tells Angular what name to look for in our templates. Next our Class has a method called transform. This method is called by Angular to get the result of our pipe. The transform method take two parameters, first the value that is being formatted or piped in and the second a list of parameters/ arguments passed into our pipe.

In the method we check if there was anything passed in. If no length was defined we just return back the string. The second statement takes the string and trims of extra characters and adds the ellipsis. Next take a look at our AppModule imports and registers the pipe.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { RouterModule } from '@angular/router';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { EllipsisPipe } from './ellipsis.pipe';

imports: [BrowserModule, FormsModule],
declarations: [EllipsisPipe, AppComponent],
providers: [],
bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule {}

Our AppModule is where we register all the Components, Pipes and Services of our app. We then bootstrap our app from our AppModule. Read more about @NgModule here. Next lets look at our AppComponent using the eillipsis pipe.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

selector: 'demo-app',
template: '<p>{{longText | ellipsis:50 }}</p>'
export class App {
constructor() {
this.longText = 'Bacon ipsum dolor amet bacon t-bone tongue ball tip salami, flank capicola. Leberkas ribeye pork pork loin. Biltong porchetta picanha capicola tri-tip boudin. Tenderloin leberkas chicken, ham pig pork loin flank salami ham hock chuck meatball kevin. Meatloaf capicola landjaeger ground round ham hock ball tip boudin shank pork chop ribeye rump frankfurter turkey. Spare ribs short loin pork chop, biltong capicola shoulder pig drumstick pork porchetta brisket venison turducken sausage. Pig alcatra short loin jowl, prosciutto leberkas ham chuck.';

So our output for the long string above would be Bacon ipsum dolor amet bacon t-bone tongue ball ti....

Take a look at the demo link below of the ellipsis pipe. Angular pipes are not much different from AngularJS 1.x filters but align with new EcmaScript2015 and EcmaScript2016 syntax used in Angular.

View Demo Code   
Twitter Facebook LinkedIn Email

No spam. Short occasional updates on Web Development articles, videos, and new courses in your inbox.

Related Posts


Creating Dynamic Tables in Angular

Learn how to easily create HTML tables in Angular from dynamic data sources.

Read Article
Web Components

Reusable Component Patterns - Default Slots

Learn about how to use default slots in Web Components for a more flexible API design.

Read Article
Web Components

Reusable Component Anti-Patterns - Semantic Obfuscation

Learn about UI Component API design and one of the common anti-patterns, Semantic Obfuscation.

Read Article